Volume 30, Issue 3 (9-2006)                   Research in Medicine 2006, 30(3): 241-243 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract: Background: Hydatid disease (echinococcosis), caused by small tapeworm, is one of the most important parasitic zoonosis and remains a major public health and economic concern worldwide. Imaging and serological techniques are essential elements to control, particularly when where surveillance for the disease in humans may lead to early diagnosis and successful treatment. The present study was designed to survey hydatid cyst in rural area of Shemiranat Seroepidemiologically and determine the efficacy of IFA test. Materials and methods: For this descriptive study, 437 residents of Shemiranat were selected randomly. Indirect immunoflourescent (IFA) study was performed for all cases. Positive or suspicious subjects were confirmed by ELISA. Results: Totally, 437 subjects including 276 females and 161 males aged 4-76 years were included, among whom 1 (0.22%) was positive and 7 were suspicious. Conclusion: With respect to low prevalence rate, it seems as if health programs are adequate in the region. On the other hand, close relationship between residents of Shemiranat with modern urban culture could explain in part the low prevalence.
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Interdisciplinary (Educational Management, Educational research, Statistics, Medical education
Received: 2007/08/4 | Published: 2006/09/15

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