Volume 32, Number 4 (winter 2008)                   Research in Medicine 2008, 32(4): 261-265 | Back to browse issues page


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The Effect of Pacifier Use on Breast-Feeding Duration. Research in Medicine. 2008; 32 (4) :261-265
URL: http://pejouhesh.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-547-en.html

Abstract:   (7489 Views)
Background and Aim: Use of pacifiers by young infants has been recognized as one of the factors that interfere with the establishment of successful breast-feeding. Our aim was to find out if pacifier-use results in early termination of breast-feeding. Materials and Methods: A historical cohort study was done on mother-infant pairs visiting health centers for check-ups, routine vaccinations or common childhood ailments during the year 1385-1386. All subjects satisfying the enrollment criteria, and available to the study team, were interviewed by trained personnel and relevant information documented on predesigned questionnaires. Duration of breast-feeding was compared between pacifier-users and non-users. Results: Four-hundred and fifty infants were enrolled after exclusion of babies with confounding factors, data of 307 infants was analyzed. Two-hundred thirty-nine mothers had continued predominant breast-feeding for 3 months and 218 mothers had done so for at least 6 months. Breast-feeding was discontinued in 59 infants before 6 months. 24.75% of infants were regular pacifier users, 80% of these had started pacifiers during the first few days of life. The rate of termination of breast-feeding at 3 months in pacifier-users was 28.9% as compared to 5.7% in non-users, (P=0.000). At 6 months the rates in pacifier-uses and non-users were 46.1% vs. 10.4%, respectively, (P=0.000). Conclusion: Our findings show that while over-all breast-feeding rates in 6 month-old infants are high at 71%, pacifier use in infants is associated with early termination of breast-feeding. Keywords: Pacifiers Infant Breast Feeding. *Corresponding Author: Dr. Farideh Shiva, Pediatric Infectious Research Center, Mofid Children’s Hospital, Shahid Beheshti Medical University, Dr. Shariati St., Tehran, Iran. Email: shivahfa@yahoo.com
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Pediatrics
Received: 2009/05/10

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