Volume 41, Issue 1 (4-2017)                   Research in Medicine 2017, 41(1): 24-30 | Back to browse issues page

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Laal N, Shekarriz-Foumani R, Khodaie F, Abadi A, Heidarnia M A. Effects of patient education and follow up after discharge on hospital readmission in heart failure patients. Research in Medicine 2017; 41 (1) :24-30
URL: http://pejouhesh.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-1680-en.html
Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , r.shekarriz@sbmu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (5275 Views)

Backgroundm: Based on recent evidence, inadequate and ineffective follow up after discharge increases the risk
of unplanned readmissions, which is an indicator of poor healthcare system function. The aim of this study was to
determine the effects of patient education and follow up after discharge on hospital readmission in heart failure
Methods: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on 120 patients with heart failure admitted in Taleghani
hospital, Tehran and were allocated equally with block randomization method. The intervention group were
educated based on recent guidelines and their needs after discharge and were followed up for 3 months by 9
telephone interviews (every week for the first month after discharge, every two weeks for the next two months), but
the control group received the routine care. Data were gathered based on a control check-list every two weeks for
both groups and were analyzed using chi-square test, Fisher and t-test. Evaluation of intervention effect was done
using generalized estimating equations (GEE) model.
Results: Readmission rate was 19.3% in intervention group and 38.2% in control group (p=0.05). The patients
that needed outpatient care did not differ significantly in both groups (17.5% in intervention group vs. 28.3% in
control group).
Conclusion: This study suggests that patient education and follow up after discharge might decrease readmission
rate among heart failure patients.

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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Community Medicine
Received: 2016/11/21 | Accepted: 2017/02/22 | Published: 2017/05/28

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