Volume 27, Issue 1 (3-2003)                   Research in Medicine 2003, 27(1): 47-52 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (12211 Views)
Background: Smoking is one the most important risk factors of non-contagious diseases in Iran. The present study was carried out to determine the pattern of smoking habit in an urban area in Tehran. Materials and methods: The study population included 5023 males and 6778 females aged15 years enrolling for Tehran Glucose and Lipid Study. A questionnaire dealing with their smoking habit and demographic data was completed by interview. Results: Totally, 10.6% were daily smokers (22% were males and 2.1% females), of which 8% smoked more a pack a day. 1.5% were occasional smokers, and 6.1% were ex-smokers. 63.2% of males and 95.6% of females were non-smokers (81.8%). Smoking was increased as age increased in both sexes, indeed, peak age group was individuals aged 35-44 years. 1364 (12.6%) of educated subjects and 61 (6%) illiterates were daily or occasional smokers (p<0.001). Conclusion: Smoking could be a potential risk factor especially in males. Educational interventions are highly suggested.
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