Volume 47, Issue 1 (4-2023)                   Research in Medicine 2023, 47(1): 101-107 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.LMO.REC.1400.007

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Ghadipasha M, Forouzesh M, Alimohammadi A, Beikmohammadi A, Aram S. Examination of the Opinions Issued by the Tehran Medical Commissions Department in Cases of Complaints about Misdiagnosis in Medical Abortion Cases from March 2016 to March 2020. Research in Medicine 2023; 47 (1) :101-107
URL: http://pejouhesh.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-3196-en.html
Legal Medicine Research Center,Tehran, Iran. , araam.samira@gmail.com
Abstract:   (407 Views)
Background and Aim: The statistical yearbook of forensic medicine shows an annual increase in the number of cases referred to medical commissions due to complaints of "misdiagnosis in abortion cases. Although perhaps one of the reasons for the increase in the number of complaints is the increase in the number of clients, considering the updating of maternal and fetal indications for therapeutic abortion and the development of new guidelines, the performance evaluation of forensic experts in relation to the extent of compliance with the latest approved laws in order to find the causes of the trend The rise of complaints seems necessary.
Methods: In this Existing data study, all the opinions issued in the cases referred to the medical commissions department of Tehran province due to the complaint of "diagnostic error in abortion cases" from March 2016 to March 2020 were reviewed. Diagnostic error in complaint files regarding abortion treatment regarding fetal indications means not requesting timely tests or sonograms related to the complaint, such as echocardiography of the fetal heart - gene screening test - genetic tests (karyotype - cytogenetic - rapid test) Consultation request with a perinatologist - consultation requests with the relevant specialist depending on the type of maternal disease or fetal anomaly, etc.) by the obstetrician and gynecologist; failure to diagnose fetal abnormalities by radiologists or Perinatologists;              Non - diagnosis and incorrect reporting in the cases of gene testing - genetic tests (karyotype - cytogenetic - rapid test by genetics specialist and laboratory and regarding maternal indications for abortion therapy, failure to timely diagnose the mother's underlying disease by specialist and subspecialist doctors in the field Medical treatment depends on the type of mother's illness.
Results: Out of a total of 22 existing cases, the opinions issued in all cases were in accordance with the latest laws approved in Iran. The highest number of complaints (40.9%) was from gynecologists and obstetricians. Review of issued ideas indicated 6 cases (27.3%) of disciplinary error, 15 cases (68.2%) of acquittal, and 1 case (4.5%) of the impossibility of issuing a theory due to the lack of evidence and documentation in the file.
Conclusion: It seems that the views issued by the Tehran Medical Commission do not conflict with the laws of medical abortion. It recommends conducting more studies in other medical commissions.
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Forensics
Received: 2022/07/11 | Accepted: 2022/11/1 | Published: 2023/01/29

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