Volume 44, Issue 2 (6-2020)                   Research in Medicine 2020, 44(2): 378-384 | Back to browse issues page

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asle zakher M, jafari M, sayyar S. The Role of Personality Characteristics and its Interaction with Self-Care Coping Styles in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes. Research in Medicine. 2020; 44 (2) :378-384
URL: http://pejouhesh.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-1995-en.html
Abstract:   (1961 Views)
Background: Diabetes is the most common metabolic disease in the world. Self-care is the most important
factor in controlling this disease. The aim of this study is to evaluate personality traits and coping styles on
the self-care behavior of people with type 2 diabetes.
Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study.121 patients with type 2 diabetes selected
through targeted sampling and were surveyed regarding their Demographics and completed Temperament
and Character Inventory (TCI), Coping Strategies Inventory by Folkman and Lazarus. Data were analyzed
using by SPSS software version 23, descriptive and correlation tests.
Results: The results showed there is a significant relationship between personality traits and coping styles
and self-care in type 2 diabetic patients. some personality traits and coping styles were able to predict diabetic
self-care. The relationship was meaningful between Diabetic self-care with Self-Directedness personality
trait (P <0.05, r = 0.023) and among coping styles, with social support seeking (P<0.001, r = 0.052) and
responsibility (r = 20-, P <0.05, ). Also, in current study, all personality traits, except reward dependency,
had a significant relationship with coping styles.
Conclusion: Findings indicated the role of personality traits and coping styles in self-care of diabetic
patients, thus it can be used in prevention, screening and training issues.
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Interdisciplinary (Educational Management, Educational research, Statistics, Medical education
Received: 2019/03/6 | Accepted: 2019/07/29 | Published: 2020/06/20

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