Volume 36, Issue 5 (2-2013)                   Research in Medicine 2013, 36(5): 36-42 | Back to browse issues page

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Deghani M, Nourmoradi H, Hashemi , H, Azimi A A, Doleh M, Vafaee R. An evaluation of physical, chemical and biological quality of influent and effluent water obtained by reverse osmosis and multistage flash processes for drinking consumption. Research in Medicine. 2013; 36 (5) :36-42
URL: http://pejouhesh.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-1119-en.html
Department of Environmental Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Abas Branch, Bandar Abas, Iran , mohammad.doleh@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (8599 Views)
Abstract Background: One of the most important components of community’s health is providing clean drinking water. The aim of this study is evaluation of the quality of inlet and outlet water from desalination plants in Qeshm obtained by reverse osmosis (RO) and Multistage flash (MSF) processes and to compare the outlet water quality with National and International standards of drinking water. Materials and methods: The cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out during 7 months from November 2011 to May 2012. Sampling was carried out once every two months from inlet and outlet water of desalination plants in Qeshm. Parameters studied included total hardness, electrical conductivity (EC), total dissolved solid (TDS), turbidity, temperature, pH, fluoride, nitrate, nitrite, chloride, sulfate and biological parameters (total coliform, fecal coliform). Finally, analytical analysis was performed by SPSS (version 16) using paired T- test. Results: The results of this study showed that total hardness and fluoride concentration in the effluent of the both of the processes (RO and MSF) were lower than desirable concentration and chloride concentration in RO process was higher than allowable concentration limit, the rest of parameters (chemical and physical) in both processes were in the acceptable range. No coliform contamination was observed in the effluent from both processes (RO and MSF). Conclusion: The low fluoride and hardness concentration in the effluent of both processes (RO and MSF), should be compensated by adding fluoride and calcium or magnesium compounds. More importantly, both processes have high capability in providing safe drinking water. Keywords: Water quality, Qeshm, Reverse osmosis process, Multistage flash process, Desalination.
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Interdisciplinary (Educational Management, Educational research, Statistics, Medical education
Received: 2013/04/17 | Accepted: 2013/05/1 | Published: 2013/05/1

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