Volume 10, Issue 3 (March 1986)                   Research in Medicine 1986, 10(3): 192-195 | Back to browse issues page

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Kalani H. Review of New Methods of Diagnosis and Treatment of Multiple Sclerosis. Research in Medicine. 1986; 10 (3) :192-195
URL: http://pejouhesh.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-2614-en.html
Department of Neurology, Taleghani Medical Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (138 Views)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating process involving mainly the white matter of central nervous system. The clinical diagnosis generally rests on two features of the illness: 
A. A history of fluctuations in the clinical course.
B. A physical examination consistent with that of multiple lesionsjinllheiwhite
matter o,f the central nervous system. 
No specific laboratory test is currently available to confirm the diagnosis of MS, however one may find changes in spinal fluid such as poleocytosis, elevated gamma globulins, oligoclonal bands of lgG, and an increase in myelin basic protein. Also changes may be found in visual, auditory and tactile evoked responses. Computed tomography may show various nonspecific findings and nuclear magnetic resonance imaging may show clinically silent demyelinating plaques. There is no therapy currently available to alter the overall course, however ACTH and corticosteroids has been shown to shorten acute exacerbation of the disease. Several MS centers are now utilizing either Cyclophosphamide or Azothioprine to prevent relapses in certain MS patients, however the effectiveness of these drugs and other modalities such as plasma exchange, hyperbaric oxygen, intrathecal interferon injections. teltal lymplioid irradiation, use of transfer factor, and monoclonal antibodies are  under extensive clinical and investigational trials . Special attention has to be paid to different complications of the disease such as weakness, spasticity, tremor, ataxia, pain, bladder bowel and sexual disturbances re1ieving of each calls for appropriate medical and/or surgical interventions. 
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Type of Study: Review | Subject: Interdisciplinary (Educational Management, Educational research, Statistics, Medical education
Received: 1986/03/2 | Accepted: 1986/07/28 | Published: 1987/02/1

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