Volume 44, Issue 2 (6-2020)                   Research in Medicine 2020, 44(2): 385-390 | Back to browse issues page

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Akbarilakeh M, Shayan S, Shams J, Borumandnia N. Comparison of personality traits of altruism among first year medical students and after comprehensive and final year basic science exam in Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in 1396-97. Research in Medicine. 2020; 44 (2) :385-390
URL: http://pejouhesh.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-2026-en.html
Shahid beheshti medical siences university
Abstract:   (2237 Views)
Background: Students are a country›s precious resource. Medicine is an attractive field in most countries. Due to a special type of friendship and experimental complications resulting from its absence and a summary of information about its status in medical students of different levels of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, this study aims to investigate the new features of medical sciences in the first three years, After the comprehensive exam of basic sciences and the last year in 1397. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study with descriptive-analytical approach was performed on 224 medical students, including 80 in the first year, 74 in the comprehensive basic sciences exam, and 70 in the final year. These individuals were selected by multi-stage random sampling. The altruistic personality trait was assessed with the Sanjay (2017) questionnaire with 18 items and 4 dimensions in a five-choice range never, sometimes, usually, most of the time and always, and the role of school year, age, gender, etc. as Related factors in three categories of limited altruism, risky altruism and simple altruism were statistically judged by Chi-square test. Therefore, during the stages of translation and cultural adaptation of the tool, to confirm the content validity of the tool, the opinions of 20 experts in this field were used. To calculate the internal reliability of the preliminary implementation of the tool on 30 people, the statistical sample and the calculation of Cronbach›s alpha were used and the obtained number is 0.96. It is worth mentioning that in this study, all items were loaded with a factor load greater than 0.4 in the factors and the model was approved by factor analysis. Results: The age range of students was 25-18 years and the average age was 22 years. The students were 77 or %34.4 male and 147 or %65.6 female. The mean of altruism in first year students was 0.98±3.78, altruism in students after the comprehensive basic sciences exam was 0.88±4.02 and altruism in final year students was 0.58±4.12. In general, firstyear students are altruistic and above average. In students after the comprehensive exam of basic sciences, altruism is higher than average and higher than first year students. In final year students, altruism is above average and higher than the average of students after the comprehensive basic science exam. The most common altruism is simple altruism with an average of %43( 26.28) followed by risky altruism with an average of %31( 18.36) and the lowest altruism related to limited altruism with an average of %26( 15.7). Risky altruism decreased with age and was lower in women than men, and children whose parents were involved in charity were more altruistic. Conclusion: The most important finding is that with increasing degree, altruistic risk-taking behavior in medical students decreases and not taking risky actions or doing less will be problematic for the future of medicine, especially in the face of critically ill patients. It is suggested that the curriculum of students include programs in the form of workshops and cultural programs to instill and promote altruism.
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Pcycology
Received: 2019/05/1 | Accepted: 2019/06/18 | Published: 2020/06/20

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